Fruit flies belongs the genus Bactrocea, Ceratitis
Capitata. Mediterranean fruit fly belongs to genera Dacus and group
Bactrocera. So far 200 species of fruit flies under 71 genera, 13
tribes and 4 subfamilies are known. All these flies can be identified
through a dichotomous key running in 202 couplets. Fruit flies belong
to Anastrepha ( 8species), Bactrocera (30 species), Ceratitis
(7species), Dirioxa (2 species and Toxotrypana ( one specie). All
Dacus species attack on mango placed under genus Bactrocera.
The order of important of fruit flies are as under:
· Dacus Ferrugincus Flo
· Dacus Zonatus Sound.
· Dacus diversus coq.
Although Dacus Cucurbitae coq
also present in Sindh but it is less important.
tephritidae family of Dipterous is insects like fruit fly .Lower Sindh
has decus Zonalus, Saunders fly. The upper Sindh and the Northern
Pakistan have this and another fly Docus Dorsalis Henpd.
Fruit fly damage is different rate, and action on different mangoes
varieties. In Dashchasri it cause 3.6 to 10% damage while in Bagun
phali it causes more than 80% damage. It major hosts are: Avocado,
apple, banana, guava, grapefruit, lemon, peaches and mangoes (E.S.C.Smith,
1986) mulberry, orange, , fig, vegetable , gourds namely marrow,
sponge gourd, bitter guard ,musk melon, plum, loquat, melon and